Panoramic View of Developmental Projects – Challenges & Solutions

Posted on April 13, 2021 by admin
Panoramic View of Developmental Projects

As countries across the globe aim to improve their development index in terms of economic and sociological parameters, it is desirable that focused developmental projects are completed successfully. World bodies like the UNDP, World Bank, Asia Development Bank etc lay down budgets to fund such projects. However, it is seen that many of these projects turn out as failures or abandoned. Many of these projects are completed and handed over to the beneficiaries, only to be seen as failures or abandoned years later due to multiple reasons. There have been multiple reports from various countries, more from developing economies, where such instances are more pronounced. For instance, report from the Abandoned Projects Audit Commission in 2011 listed that 11,886 federal government projects were abandoned between 1971 to 2011 in Nigeria, which led to loss of billions of dollars. Similar reports have made headlines in other African countries too. In 2018, there were reports of a Power Plant in Jharkhand in India left abandoned, where State Bank of India had lent $700 Million. There are several instances of abandoned cities, dams, etc, across the globe. Unfortunately, apart from the economic losses, these also indicate loss of opportunity to achieve social milestones like poverty alleviation, employment opportunities, better standards of living, and thence, holistic development of the nation’s human resources.

Most of these failures are attributed to a lack of continuum in planning, monitoring & evaluation of these projects. While there are established frameworks to achieve the same through matrix of indicators and activities, yet such projects suffer badly due to lack of visibility across the entire spectrum. While a lot of secretarial effort in invested in collecting information, collating the same and building linkages is a huge challenge. Such gaps therefore lead to leakages, unforeseen risks, and thereafter failure of the project to achieve its intended goals.

Handbook on Planning, Monitoring & Evaluation for Development Results
Framework for Planning, Monitoring & Evaluation for Development Results

It is hence desirable that such large projects should be available to all stakeholders – planners, monitors, evaluators & beneficiaries – for a continuous assessment and mid term correctives. It is important that ICT are leveraged to achieve the same.

An intelligent ICT solution must adhere to the following standards
– Single window operation
– Global access
– Management of personnel and stakeholders with differential access
– Project Management with specific details on its rationale, significance, financial outlay, sector relevance etc.
– Ability to create various types of indicators – Input, Output, Outcome, Impact and Risk, and to track their progress in terms of Base values to Achieved values to Target values
– Ability to add multiple activities and track their progress on predefined timelines
– Ability to create and share knowledge base with stakeholders
– Allow beneficiary assessment of the projects in various stages as feedback to make correctives

IDEA Foundation has developed a web based solution at which caters to all the above criteria. The project is scalable and can be used for small, medium or mega projects. An android application specifically designed for field staff and surveyors has also been developed. The application offers complete insulation and confidentiality to the subscribers as they access their own applications through independent subdomains. Each subscriber can manage more than one project with shared or independent teams. Graphical interfaces allow a quick visual report of the various aspects of the projects. Missed deadlines, failing indicators are suitably flagged. The application is designed keeping in mind and in consultation with M&E experts and after thorough study of the various manuals and handbooks of leading organizations like UNDP, WB, ADB etc.

Overall, a solution that allows panoramic view of multiple projects enabling planners, monitors and evaluators to connect with each other real time.